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Mastering the Basics: 35 Must-Know Verbs for Thai Language Learners

Understanding and using these verbs in everyday conversations will significantly enhance your ability to communicate in Thai. Practice is key, and incorporating these verbs into your daily language exercises will help solidify your foundation.



  1. กิน (gin) - to eat

  2. นอน (nǒn) - to sleep

  3. วิ่ง (wîng) - to run

  4. ว่าย (wâai) - to swim

  5. อ่าน (àan) - to read

  6. เขียน (khǐan) - to write

  7. ดู (duu) - to see, to watch

  8. ฟัง (fang) - to listen

  9. พูด (phûut) - to speak

  10. ซื้อ (súe) - to buy

  11. ขาย (khaai) - to sell

  12. ตอบ (tɔ̀ɔp) - to answer

  13. ทำ (tam) - to do, to make

  14. รู้ (rúu) - to know

  15. เรียน (riian) - to study

  16. แต่งตัว (dtàeng dtua) - to dress up

  17. สวมใส่ (sūam sài) - to wear

  18. ตื่น (dtêun) - to wake up

  19. เปิด (bpèrt) - to open

  20. ปิด (bpìt) - to close

  21. มี (mii) - to have

  22. ไม่มี (mâi mii) - to not have

  23. เข้าใจ (khâo jai) - to understand

  24. ล้าง (lâang) - to wash

  25. ทำให้แห้ง (tam hai hǎng) - to dry

  26. เดิน (dern) - to walk

  27. ขับรถ (kàp rót) - to drive

  28. ทอด (thâwt) - to fry

  29. ประชุม (bprà-chum) - to have a meeting

  30. ส่ง (sòng) - to send

  31. ให้ (hâi) - to give

  32. รับ (ráp) - to receive

  33. นั่ง (nâng) - to sit

  34. ยืน (yeûn) - to stand

  35. กลัว (glua) - to fear


As you continue your exploration of the Thai language, remember that mastering the basics is the first step towards fluency. Whether you're planning a trip to Thailand, connecting with Thai friends and family, or simply expanding your linguistic repertoire, the verbs covered in this blog will undoubtedly prove invaluable.


To accelerate your learning experience, join our upcoming Zoom classes or explore our video courses at Thai By Chom. Our experienced instructors are passionate about helping learners like you navigate the intricacies of the Thai language with confidence.


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